Maryland and the Civil War

Scenes from the 2012 Random House Book FairNow in its 17th year, Carroll and the Historical Society of Carroll County offer Maryland and the Civil War, A Regional Perspective. The event focuses on the diverse facets of the Civil War and its impact on the region.

Putting human faces on the war:

  • Speakers
  • Displays
  • Morning refreshments and lunch included.


Maryland and the Civil War: A Regional Perspective

Saturday, March 29
9:30 a.m. - 3 p.m. (doors open at 9 a.m.)
Cost $35/Fees: $35
MD senior adults: $35 plus out of county or state fees as appropriate
Lunch included

Appropriate for ages 10 through adult.

Register online by searching for "Maryland and the Civil War" or course number "PDE-665-A3."


8:45 a.m.

Registration, exhibits and continental breakfast - Great Hall


9:30 a.m.

Welcome and General Sessions – Scott Center for the Fine and Performing Arts


9:45 – 10:45 a.m.

Civil War comes to Southern MD
Bradley Gottfried

Southern Maryland was heavily impacted by the Civil War. The Southern-leaning region was occupied by Federal troops throughout the war, saw extensive smuggling activities, was the site of a large prisoner of war camp, housed a large African American enlistee training camp, and figured heavily in the escape route of John Wilkes Booth. Additionally, thousands of young Southern Marylanders crossed the Potomac River to enlist in the Confederate army. This presentation provided a fascinating overview of the impact of Southern Maryland on the Civil War.

Dr. Bradley Gottfried is the author of 10 books on the Civil War. His four most recent books have been extensive map studies on four major campaigns (First Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg and Bristoe Station/Mine Run). His eleventh book is a map study of the Wilderness Campaign, which will be published during the latter part of 2014. Gottfried is the president of the College of Southern Maryland and has spent almost 40 years in higher education.


11 a.m. – noon

The Women of Monocacy: Living on a Battlefield
Claudia Floyd

This year is the 150th anniversary of Confederate Gen. Jubal Early’s invasion of Maryland. Headed for the nation’s capital, Early’s men were forced to confront Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace’s Union forces at the B&O Railroad junction, several miles south of Frederick. The majority of the Battle of Monocacy occurred on the Best, Thomas and Worthington farms and around the Gambrill Mill, along the river. Men, women and children living on or around the battlefield sought refuge in their cellars. Claudia Floyd, author of “Maryland Women in the Civil War,” focuses on how these women and their families were affected and the roles they played when the gruesome and brutal battle ended.

Dr. Claudia Floyd recently retired as a professor of History at Stevenson University. Currently she volunteers at Monocacy National Battlefield and is an active member of the Society of Women and the Civil War, an organization that brings to light the contributions that women made as nurses, spies, couriers, camp followers, smugglers, seamstresses, abolitionists, fund raisers and even soldiers during this conflict. Floyd is the author of “Maryland Women in the Civil War: Unionists, Rebels, Slaves and Spies” (published by the History Press, 2013).


noon – 1:15 p.m.

Lunch and Exhibits – Great Hall


1:15 – 2:15 p.m.

Concurrent Sessions – room locations will be posted

The Johnson-Gilmor Raid
Daniel Carroll Toomey

In July 1864, Confederate forces under two Marylanders, Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Maj. Harry W. Gilmor, launched a daring raid. Their mission was to free the 15,000 Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout and then join Gen. Jubal Early’s attack on Washington. Author Dan Toomey explains the evolution of the raid and follows Johnson and Gilmor on their ride through Maryland.

Daniel Carroll Toomey is a graduate of the University of Maryland and the author of several books including “The Civil War in Maryland,” “The Johnson-Gilmor Raid” and “The Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers’ Home.” He is the co-author of “Baltimore During the Civil War” and “Marylanders in Blue.” Toomey serves on the Maryland Military Monuments Commission and was project historian for the Maryland Memorial erected at Gettysburg in 1994. He was the recipient of the Gettysburg National Battlefield Award in 1985 and in 2001 he received the Peterkin Award from the National Park Service at Fort McHenry for his contributions in the fields of research and preservation. He is currently the guest curator at Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum for their five-year project The War Came by Train commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Civil War.


Battlefield Preservation in Maryland
Kristen McMasters

Nearly 20 percent of America’s Civil War battlefields have been destroyed and our nation’s battlefields are being lost at an alarming rate. Kristen McMasters of the American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) examines the recent successes in battlefield protection in Maryland. Various battleground protection tools are discussed. The role of the ABPP and grant funding are presented.

Kristen McMasters has been with the National Park Service, American Battlefield Protection Program since 2001. Part of an interdisciplinary team created by Congress to protect and preserve the principle battlefields of the nation, she manages about $12 million in grant funds. Current projects include a World War II project in Palau and an archeological investigation in Patterson Park Baltimore for entrenchments from the Battle of Baltimore. McMasters holds a B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Michigan and M.A. in Anthropology from the University of South Carolina. She has served as adjunct faculty at the University of Maryland Baltimore County and Gettysburg College. McMasters lives in Westminster and is the chair of the Westminster Historic District Commission.


2:30 – 3:30 p.m.

General Session – Scott Center for the Fine and Performing Arts

Music of the Civil War Era
David Hildebrand

At the outset of the Civil War, the hopes and aspirations of both North and South were echoed in music full of pride, determination, confidence and even arrogance. Yet as the horrors unfold and time drags on, the music turns more towards thoughts of home and peace and the end of conflict. Join Dr. David Hildebrand for a musical survey full of familiar tunes with the fascinating stories behind them, from John Brown's Harper's Ferry raid to "The Bonnie White Flag." Appearing in period costume, Hildebrand performs musical selections of the time, accompanied by guitar, banjo, flute and voice. Funding for this session is provided by the Maryland Humanities Council and is open to the public at no cost.

Dr. David Hildebrand teaches American music history at the Peabody Conservatory, and he is finishing a history of music in Maryland for The Johns Hopkins University Press. He and his wife Ginger Hildebrand have been performing professionally for museums, historical societies, schools, colleges and universities throughout the country since 1980, focusing on American music. Hildebrand received his Ph.D. in Musicology from Catholic University of America, his M.A. in Musicology from George Washington University, and his B.A. in Music from Dickinson College.


For more information or to request accommodations for persons with disabilities, call 410-386-8100 or 1-888-221-9748.



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