This chapter applies only to public institutions of higher
A. In this chapter, the
following terms have the meanings indicated.
B. Terms Defined.
(1) A.A. degree means
the Associate of Arts degree.
(2) A.A.S. degree means
the Associate of Applied Sciences degree.
(3) A.A.T. degree” means the Associate of Arts in Teaching
(4) A.F.A. degree” means the Associate of Fine Arts degree.
(5) “Arts” means courses that examine aesthetics and the
development of the aesthetic form and explore the relationship between theory
(6) “A.S. degree” means the Associate of Science degree.
(7) “A.S.E. degree” means the Associate of Science in
(8) “Biological and
physical sciences” means courses that examine living systems and the physical
universe. They introduce students to the variety of methods used to collect,
interpret, and apply scientific data, and to an understanding of the
relationship between scientific theory and application.
(9) “Cumulative grade point average” means the average of
grades received for completed coursework at all institutions attended.
(10) English composition courses means courses that provide
students with communication knowledge and skills appropriate to various writing
situations, including intellectual inquiry and academic research.
(11) “General education” means the foundation of the higher
education curriculum providing a coherent intellectual experience for all
(12) “General education program” means a program that is
undergraduates to the fundamental knowledge, skills, and values that are
essential to the study of academic disciplines;
(b) Encourage the pursuit
of life-long learning; and
(c) Foster the
development of educated members of the community and the world.
(13) “Humanities” means courses that examine the values and
cultural heritage that establish the framework for inquiry into the meaning of
(14) “Mathematics” means courses that provide students with
numerical, analytical, statistical, and problem-solving skills.
(15) “Native student” means a student whose initial college
enrollment was at a given institution of higher education and who has not
transferred to another institution of higher education since that initial
(16) “Parallel program” means the program of study or courses
at one institution of higher education which has comparable objectives as those
at another higher education institution, for example, a transfer program in
psychology in a community college is definable as a parallel program to a
baccalaureate psychology program at a 4-year institution of higher education.
(17) “Receiving institution” means the institution of higher
education at which a transfer student currently desires to enroll.
(18) “Recommended transfer program” means a planned program of
courses, both general education and courses in the major, taken at a community
college, which is applicable to a baccalaureate program at a receiving
institution, and ordinarily the first 2 years of the baccalaureate degree.
(19)“Reverse transfer agreement” means a statewide agreement
whereby up to 45 credits that a student earns at any public four-year higher education
institution in the State toward a bachelor’s degree are transferrable to any
community college in the State for credit toward an associate’s degree.
(20) “Sending institution” means the institution of higher
education of most recent previous enrollment by a transfer student at which
transferable academic credit was earned.
(21) “Social and behavioral sciences” means courses that are
concerned with the examination of society and the relationships among
individuals within a society.
(22) “Transfer student” means a student entering an institution
for the first time having successfully completed a minimum of 12 semester hours
at another institution that are applicable for credit at the institution the
student is entering.
A. Admission to Institutions and Programs.
(1) A student attending
a public institution who has completed an Associate’s degree may not be denied
direct transfer to another public institution if the student attained a
cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 on a 4.0 scale or its equivalent
in parallel courses, provided there is space available and, where applicable,
the student has met any additional program admission requirements. The
receiving institution shall publish application and admission data from the
most recent admission cycle on the institution’s website.
(a) If the number of students seeking admission exceeds the
number that can be accommodated at a receiving public institution, admission
decisions shall be:
i. Based on criteria
developed and published by the receiving public institution; and
ii. Made to provide fair
and equal treatment for native and transfer students.
(b) A receiving public institution may require higher
performance standards for admission to some programs if the standards and
criteria for admission to the program:
i. Are developed and
published by the receiving public institution; and,
ii. Maintain fair and
equal treatment for native and transfer students.
(c) If the number of students seeking admission exceeds the
number that can be accommodated in a particular professional or specialized
program, admission decisions shall be:
(2) A student attending
a public institution who has not completed an Associate’s degree or who has
completed fewer than 56 semester hours of credit, is eligible to transfer to a
public institution regardless of the number of credit hours earned if the
(a) Satisfied the
admission criteria of the receiving public institution as a high school senior;
(b) Attained at least a
cumulative grade point average of 2.0 on a 4.0 scale or its equivalent, and
(c) Where applicable, the student has met any additional
program admission requirements.
(3) A student attending
a public institution who did not satisfy the admission criteria of a receiving
public institution as a high school senior, but who has earned sufficient
credits at a public institution to be classified by the receiving public
institution as a sophomore, shall meet the stated admission criteria developed
and published by the receiving public institution for transfer.
Institution Program Responsibility.
(1) The faculty of a
receiving public institution is responsible for development and determination
of the program requirements in major fields of study for a baccalaureate
degree, including courses in the major field of study taken in the lower
(2) A receiving public
institution may set program requirements in major fields of study that
simultaneously fulfill general education requirements.
(3) A receiving public
institution, in developing lower division course work, shall exchange
information with other public institutions to facilitate the transfer of
credits into its programs.
(4) A receiving public institution shall ensure that any
changes to program standards and criteria for admission and the transfer of
credits maintain the fair and equal treatment of native and transfer students;
and are communicated in a timely manner.
A. While public
institutions have the autonomy to design their general education program to
meet their unique needs and mission, that program shall conform to the
definitions and common standards in this chapter, and incorporate the general
education knowledge and skills required by the Middle States Commission on
Higher Education Standards for Accreditation. No later than August 1, 2017, a
public institution shall satisfy the general education requirement by:
(1) Requiring each
program leading to the A.A. or A.S. degree to include not less than 28 and not
more than 36 semester hours, and each baccalaureate degree program to include
not less than 38 and not more than 46 semester hours of required core courses,
with the core requiring, at a minimum, course work in each of the following
(a) Arts and humanities,
(b) Social and behavioral
(c) Biological and
(d) Mathematics, and
(e) English composition;
(2) Conforming with
COMAR 13B.02.02.16D(2)(b)-(c) and aligned with the Middle States Commission on
Higher Education Standards for Accreditation.
B. Each core course
used to satisfy the distribution requirements of paragraph (A(1) of this
regulation shall carry at least 3 semester hours.
C. General education
programs of public institutions shall require at least.
(1) Two courses in arts
(2) Two courses in
social and behavioral sciences;
(3) Two science courses,
at least one of which shall be a laboratory course;
(4) One course in
mathematics having performance expectations demonstrating a level of
mathematical maturity beyond the Maryland College and Career Ready Standards in
Mathematics (including problem-solving skills, and mathematical concepts and
techniques that can be applied in the student’s program of study); and
(5) One course in
English composition, completed with a grade of ‘C-’ or better.
(1) In addition to the
five required areas in paragraph (A of this regulation, a public institution
may include up to 8 semester hours in coursework outside the five
areas-examples include, but are not limited to health, diversity, and computer
literacy. These courses may:
(a) Be integrated into other general education courses or may
be presented as separate courses; and
(b) Include courses that:
(i) Provide an interdisciplinary examination of
issues across the five areas, or
(ii) Address other categories of knowledge, skills,
and values that lie outside of the five areas.
(2) Public institutions
may not include the courses in this section in a general education program
unless they provide academic content and rigor equivalent to the areas in
paragraph (A(1) of this regulation.
E. General education
programs leading to the A.A.S. or A.F.A. degree shall include at least 18
semester hours from the same course list designated by the sending institution
for the A.A. and A.S. degrees. The A.A.S. or A.F.A. degree shall include at
least one 3-semester-hour course from each of the five areas listed in ((A)(1)
of this regulation.
F. A course in a
discipline listed in more than one of the areas of general education may be
applied only to one area of general education.
G. A public institution
may allow a speech communication or foreign language course to be part of the
arts and humanities category.
H. Composition and
literature courses may be placed in the arts and humanities area if literature
is included as part of the content of the course.
institutions may not include physical education skills courses as part of the
general education requirements.
J. General education
courses shall reflect current scholarship in the discipline and provide
reference to theoretical frameworks and methods of inquiry appropriate to academic
K. Courses that are
theoretical may include applications, but all applications courses shall
include theoretical components if they are to be included as meeting general
L. Public institutions
shall incorporate general education knowledge and skills required by the Middle
States Commission on Higher Education Standards for Accreditation.
paragraph (A(1) of this regulation, a public 4-year institution may require 48
semester hours of required core courses if courses upon which the institutions
curriculum is based carry 4 semester hours.
N. Public institutions
shall develop systems to ensure that courses approved for inclusion on the list
of general education courses are designed and assessed to comply with the
requirements of this chapter.
A. A student
transferring to one public institution from another public institution shall
receive general education credit for work completed at the students sending
institution as provided by this chapter.
B. A completed general
education program shall transfer without further review or approval by the
receiving institution and without the need for a course-by-course match.
C. Courses that are
defined as general education by one institution shall transfer as general
education even if the receiving institution does not have that specific course
or has not designated that course as general education.
D. The receiving
institution shall give lower-division general education credits to a
transferring student who has taken any part of the lower-division general
education credits described in Regulation .03 of this chapter at a public
institution for any general education courses successfully completed at the
E. Except as provided
in Regulation .03M of this chapter, a receiving institution may not require a
transfer student who has completed the requisite number of general education
credits at any public college or university to take, as a condition of
graduation, more than 10-18 additional semester hours of general education and
specific courses required of all students at the receiving institution, with
the total number not to exceed 46 semester hours. This provision does not
relieve students of the obligation to complete specific academic program
requirements or course prerequisites required by a receiving institution.
F. A Maryland
community college will accept 28 - 36 credits of general education as defined
in COMAR 13b .06.01.03C 1-5 as completion of the general education requirements
at the Community College, without further review or the need for a
G. All public institutions shall designate on or with the
student transcript those courses that have met its general education
requirements, as well as indicate whether the student has completed the general
H. A.A.S. and A.F.A.
(1) While there may be
variance in the numbers of hours of general education required for A.A., A.S.,
A.A.S. and A.F.A. degrees at a given institution, the courses identified as
meeting general education requirements for all degrees shall come from the same
general education course list and exclude technical or career courses.
(2) An A.A.S. or A.F.A.
student who transfers into a receiving institution with fewer than the total
number of general education credits designated by the receiving institution
shall complete the difference in credits according to the distribution as
designated by the receiving institution. Except as provided in Regulation .03M
of this chapter, the total general education credits for baccalaureate
degree-granting public receiving institutions may not exceed 46 semester hours.
Responsibilities. A student is held:
(1) Accountable for the
loss of credits that:
(a) Result from changes
in the students selection of the major program of study,
(b) Were earned for
remedial course work, or
(c) Exceed the total
course credits accepted in transfer as allowed by this chapter; and
(2) Responsible for
meeting all requirements of the academic program of the receiving institution.
A. Transfer to Another
(1) Courses taken at a
public institution as part of a recommended transfer program leading toward a
baccalaureate degree shall be applicable to related programs at the receiving
public institution granting the degree if successfully completed in accordance
with the receiving institution’s policies governing native students in the same
(2) A student earning an A.A.S. or A.F.A. degree will have
his/her credits evaluated in a manner that maximizes the transfer of
articulated and elective credit.
(3) Credit earned at any public institution in the State is
transferable to any other public institution if the:
(a) Credit is from a
college or university parallel course or program;
(b Grades in the block
of courses transferred average 2.0 or higher; and
(c) Acceptance of the
credit is consistent with the policies of the receiving institution governing
native students following the same program.
(4) If a native
student’s D grade in a specific course is acceptable in a program, then a D
earned by a transfer student in the same course at a sending institution is
also acceptable in the program. Conversely, if a native student is required to
earn a grade of C or better in a required course, the transfer student shall
also be required to earn a grade of C or better to meet the same requirement.
(5) If the Community College has a request and signed waiver
from the student for Reverse Transfer, the 4 year institution must provide an
official electronic transcript to the Community College at the College’s
request with no charge to the student or institution.
B. Unless otherwise specified in an articulation agreement,
credit earned in or transferred from a community college is limited to:
(1) 1/2 the baccalaureate degree program requirement, but may
not be more than 70 semester hours; and,
(2) The equivalent of the first half of the undergraduate education
(1) The assignment of
credit for AP, CLEP, or other nationally recognized standardized examination
scores presented by transfer students is determined according to the same
standards that apply to native students in the receiving institution, and the
assignment shall be consistent with the State minimum requirements.
(2) Transfer of credit
from the following areas shall be consistent with COMAR 13B.02.02. and shall be
evaluated by the receiving institution on a course-by-course basis according to
the same standards that apply to native students at the receiving
institution:(a) Technical courses
from career programs;
(b) Course credit awarded
through articulation agreements with other segments or agencies, including
course credit awarded by articulation with Maryland public secondary schools;
i. To facilitate the
transfer of credits, articulation agreements should be developed in
collaboration with all public institutions.
(c) Credit awarded for
clinical practice or cooperative education experiences;
(d) Credit awarded for
life and work experiences; and
(e) Credit awarded for military training, coursework, and
(3) The basis for the
awarding of the credit shall be indicated on the student’s transcript by the
(4) The receiving
institution shall inform a transfer student of the procedures for validation of
course work for which there is no clear equivalency. Examples of validation
procedures include ACE recommendations, portfolio assessment, credit through
challenge, examinations, and satisfactory completion of the next course in
sequence in the academic area.
(5) The receiving
baccalaureate degree-granting institution shall use validation procedures when
a transferring student successfully completes a course at the lower division
level that the receiving institution offers at the upper division level. The
validated credits earned for the course shall be substituted for the upper
D. Program Articulation.
(1) Recommended transfer
programs shall be developed through consultation between the sending and
transfer program represents an agreement between the two institutions that
allows students aspiring to the baccalaureate degree to plan for seamless
transfer. These programs constitute freshman/sophomore level course work to be
taken at the community college in fulfillment of the receiving institutions
lower division course work requirement.
(2) Recommended transfer
programs in effect at the time that this regulation takes effect, which conform
to this chapter, may be retained.
(1) Community colleges
shall encourage their students to complete the associate degree in a
recommended transfer program that includes both general education courses and
courses applicable toward the program at the receiving institution.
(2) Community college
students are encouraged to choose as early as possible the institution and
program into which they expect to transfer.
(3) The sending
(a) Provide to community
college students information about the specific transferability of courses and
programs at 4-year colleges;
(b) Transmit information
about transfer students who are capable of honors work or independent study to
the receiving institution; and
(c) Promptly supply the
receiving institution with all the required documents if the student has met
all financial and other obligations of the sending institution for transfer.
requirements and curriculum prerequisites shall be stated explicitly in
(2) A receiving
institution shall admit transfer students from newly established public
colleges that are functioning with the approval of the Maryland Higher
Education Commission on the same basis as applicants from regionally accredited
(3) A receiving
institution shall evaluate the transcript of a degree-seeking transfer student
as expeditiously as possible, and notify the student of the results within 20
working days of the receipt of all official transcripts. The receiving
institution shall inform a student of the courses that are acceptable for
transfer credit and the courses that are applicable to the students intended
program of study.
(4) A transfer student
shall be provided the same opportunity as a native student to pursue the
program and degree requirements that were in effect at the time that the
student enrolled at the sending institution provided they have been
continuously enrolled and otherwise meet the same requirements of the native
A. Maryland Public Institutions shall collaborate to develop
and provide to students current and accurate information on transferable
programs and courses.
B. Upon approval of new baccalaureate programs, recommended
transfer programs shall be developed with each community college.
C. When considering curricular changes, institutions shall
notify each other of the proposed changes that might affect transfer students.
An appropriate mechanism shall be created to ensure that both 2-year and 4-year
public colleges provide input or comments to the institution proposing the
change. Sufficient lead time shall be provided to effect the change with
minimum disruption. Transfer students are not required to repeat equivalent
course work successfully completed at a community college.
A. Sending and
receiving institutions that disagree on the transferability of general
education courses as defined by this chapter shall submit their disagreements
to the Secretary, who shall appoint a Transfer Mediation Committee to
adjudicate the disagreement. Members appointed to the Transfer Mediation
Committee are to be representative of the public four-year colleges and
universities and the community colleges.
B. The Transfer
Mediation Committee shall address general education Issues at the course or
curricular level, not individual student cases. As appropriate, the Committee
shall consult with faculty on curricular issues.
C. The findings of the
Transfer Mediation Committee are considered binding on both parties.
A. Notice of Denial of
Transfer Credit by a Receiving Institution.
(1) Except as provided
in (A(2) of this regulation, a receiving institution shall inform a transfer
student in writing of the denial of transfer credit not later than mid-semester
of the transfer students first semester, if all official transcripts have been
received at least 15 working days before mid-semester.
(2) If transcripts are
submitted after 15 working days before mid-semester of a student’s first
semester, the receiving institution shall inform the student of credit denied
within 20 working days of receipt of the official transcript.
(3) A receiving
institution shall include in the notice of denial of transfer credit:
(a) A statement of the
students right to appeal; and
(b) A notification that
the appeal process is available in the institution’s catalog.
(4) The statement of the
student’s right to appeal the denial shall include notice of the time
limitations in paragraph (B of this regulation.
B. A student believing
that the receiving institution has denied the student transfer credits in
violation of this chapter may initiate an appeal by contacting the receiving
institutions transfer coordinator or other responsible official of the
receiving institution within 20 working days of receiving notice of the denial
C. Response by
(1) A receiving
expeditious and simplified procedures governing the appeal of a denial of
transfer of credit; and
(b) Respond to a
student’s appeal within 10 working days.
(2) An institution may
either grant or deny an appeal. The institution’s reasons for denying the
appeal shall be consistent with this chapter and conveyed to the student in
(3) Unless a student
appeals to the sending institution, the writing decision in paragraph (C (2) of
this regulation constitutes the receiving institutions final decision and is
not subject to appeal.
D. Appeal to Sending
(1) If a student has
been denied transfer credit after an appeal to the receiving institution, the
student may request the sending institution to intercede on the student’s
behalf by contacting the transfer coordinator of the sending institution.
(2) A student shall
make an appeal to the sending institution within 10 working days of having
received the decision of the receiving institution.
between Sending and Receiving Institutions.
(1) Representatives of
the two institutions shall have 15 working days to resolve the issues involved
in an appeal.
(2) As a result of a
consultation in this section, the receiving institution may affirm, modify, or
reverse its earlier decision.
(3) The receiving
institution shall inform a student in writing of the result of the
(4) The decision arising
out of a consultation constitutes the final decision of the receiving
institution and is not subject to appeal.
A. Report by Receiving
(1) A receiving
institution shall report annually the progress of students who transfer from
2-year and 4-year institutions within the State to each community college and
to the Secretary of the Maryland Higher Education Commission.
(2) An annual report
shall include ongoing reports on the subsequent academic success of enrolled
transfer students, including graduation rates, by major subject areas.
(3) A receiving
institution shall include in the reports comparable information on the progress
of native students.
Coordinator. A public institution of higher education shall designate a
transfer coordinator, who serves as a resource person to transfer students at
either the sending or receiving campus. The transfer coordinator is responsible
for overseeing the application of the policies and procedures outlined in this
chapter and interpreting transfer policies to the individual student and to the
C. The Maryland Higher
Education Commission shall establish a permanent Student Transfer Advisory
Committee that meets regularly to review transfer issues and recommend policy
changes as needed. The Student Transfer Advisory Committee shall address issues
of interpretation and implementation of this chapter.
Effective date: December 4, 1995 (22:24 Md. R. 1901)
Regulations .02, .03, and .05 amended. Effective date: July 1, 1996 (23:13 Md. R. 946)
Regulation 11 added. Effective date September 29, 2004.